As Easy as ‘One’, ‘Two’, ‘Three’?—The Morphology and Syntax of “Numera...

Jan 29, 2015 by

“Numerals”, that is words designating cardinal numbers, in Old Church Slavonic (OCS) and Old Russian (OR) were nouns or pronouns rather than a separate morphosyntactic category, as they are in modern Russian. Hence, for OCS and OR, I...

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Dual in Old Church Slavonic—and in modern Hebrew

Jan 28, 2015 by

Unlike (modern) Russian and English, Old Church Slavonic (OCS) had not a two-way but a three-way grammatical number distinction: singular, dual, and plural. The dual was used for ‘two’, whereas the plural was used for ‘three or...

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Overview of the Case System in Old Church Slavonic

Jan 27, 2015 by

Old Church Slavonic (OCS) had six cases, plus the vocative form. For the endings in the various cases, declensions, genders, stem types and parts-of-speech, consult “OCS Declension Tables” or Lunt (2001: 52-80). When is each case...

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Introduction to Old Church Slavonic Declension

Jan 25, 2015 by

In Old Church Slavonic (OCS), as in modern Russian, nouns have inherent gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) and change for case and number, while adjectives and participles agree with the nouns they modified, or are predicated...

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Dative Absolute Demystified

Jan 23, 2015 by

The Old Church Slavonic (OCS) passage from Matthew 14:6, contains a phrase whose structure may not be immediately clear: dьni že byvъšu roždьstva irodova, translated in the King James Version as “But when Herod’s birthday was...

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Expressing Possession in modern Russian—and Related Issues

Jan 22, 2015 by

The situation in modern Russian is quite similar to what has been described for OCS in the previous post, that is, possessors can be expressed by one of two constructions: possessive adjectives or genitives. Due to their typical...

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